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Workbench:
Big MiG
Trumpeter 1/32nd MiG-3

By Peter Vill 

When Trumpeter released their long awaited MIG-3 I was very pleased to read on various web sites that the fit and detail were being rated highly by those fortunate modellers in the States who were able to get their hands on it a few weeks before the arrival in the United Kingdom.

Having got my hands on an example I set about comparing it to the scale and general arrangement drawings that I have, and indeed all looks well. The kit will, from the box, build up to make a representation of a later production MIG-3. The main difference between this and the earlier version being the lay-out and number of bulges over the guns on the upper engine cowling; there is also a difference in the exhaust pipe shrouding, etc. Before I hear the cry of "heretic" and the smell the burning torches, there are indeed other differences and these are extremely well detailed in the work by Massimo which can be found on his new site. I must give a special mention to Massimo who has been of great help with the research for this model, and has been prepared to supply me with photos showing key points and to put up with my endless questions. Oh well, that’s what happens when you know an aircraft so well, my friend....

I had every intension of putting the big MiG away for a later date, but I found myself being drawn to the box as if it was calling me, the result being that I started to cut plastic. So much for the plans of mice and men.

So far, the only area that I feel needs to be improved is the cockpit and it was with this in mind that I started to work on the model (albeit on an ad-hoc basis). Thus, a little was done one night, then nothing the next three, and so on, as I have other projects under way.

It was during one of my infrequent email sessions with Erik that the idea of showing the progress of this model on the VVS web site was talked about. The idea in this case being that postings to the site will show the model's progresses and the work carried out in my effort to improve an already good kit. The intention is for me to supply not only photographs but also drawings of the various parts made to detail the cockpit, along with a scale, so that anyone who wishes to can replicate--or even improve--what I have done.

How long this process will run for, I do not know. It may be until the model is completed, or might be just until the cockpit is completed? How frequent the postings will be I do not know, but as the model and the various bits are made, you will be the first to see them.
 

Detailing the PIT

Areas to be corrected / detailed

The most obvious 'error' with this kit (if you want to be that unkind) is the cockpit. The framework is a little short, but basically accurate, although the flat sidewalls that Trumpeter instructs you to attach them to are totally incorrect. In the real aircraft the inner side of the fuselage panelling was visible through the tubular frame. Also visible to some degree behind the pilots seat would have been the frames and stringers of the wooden rear section of the fuselage. These would also be visible via the circular cut-out in the panel above the radio shelf (Trumpeter have included this cut-out as part of the kit). The steel tubular frame that made up the cockpit and forward fuselage was attached to the wooden section by “Tuning Fork” brackets that were mounted in the forward frame. In fact, the upper bolts are covered by those little bulged panels just below the rear of the canopy sliding section.

Please refer to the drawings attached for greater clarity:

The first components of my attempt to detail the cockpit were the cockpit tubular framework and the forward frame of the wooden rear fuselage section.

[Note that it is my intension to post drawings with measurements to allow any who wish to replicate or better my work to do so; the photos attached show the components at their present stage of development, and they are not finished yet. There is one upright frame member to add but its position will be finalized later. It goes from the lower longeron straight up behind the instrument panel]

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08 February 2004 Update

A lower rear fuselage frame has been made, photos and drawings show this as a solid section that is angled rearwards, joining the lower fuselage center line approximately on a vertical line taken from the upright panel of the radio shelf.

A drawing with dimensions is attached.

Kit seat, rear armoured back plate. All the sharp edges/folds have been removed with a sanding stick, the indent / recess in the rear of the palte where the head rest joins has been filled and filed smooth at the same time the overall thickness has been reduced.

10 Feb 2004 Note: The measurements of the spade shaped frame should be 25mm by 21mm not as I have written 25mm x 12mm.
 


 

10 February 2004 Update

The outer panels of the MIG-3 were removable and as the work done detailing the cockpit will allow the insides to be viewed it is neccessary to replicate the panel framing and the fastner points (well the lower ones that can be seen). The framing pattern is done by carefully measuring and transfering the pattern of the panel lines from the outside of the model onto the cockpit interior, when this has been drawn out the detail is added with plastic card (10 Thou) and square section plastic rod.
 

 

17 February 2004 Update

Detail is now being added to the side walls, so far a map case ?? and flare pistol cartridge belt have been added to the starboard side, the other pictures show the refined seat now fitted with a new back cushion (the picture is poor, I will attempt to get a better one) made from corrigated plastic card and the new (enlarged) flare pistol. The port fuselage section has also had the panel detail added.
 

 

22 February 2004 Update

Detail work on the cockpit frames is continuing, the Starboard frame has now had added to it, Flare Pistol holder, Trim Wheels, clamps and various panels taken from the kit parts, the larger panel was increased in depth by the addition of some palastic card, the little knob / pump ?? mounted on the centre down tube has had the rear drilled and awaits the addition of the pipe work shown in the plans.
 

 

25 February 2004 Update

Detail is still being added to the side frames, here is the port frame with some modified kit parts fitted to it, please note that the side instrument consuls have been thickened up and switches/valves added. The rear fuselage frames have now been fixed in place and some 10 thou plastic card fillets made and put in place to cover over the wing root; to be honest these last parts are just down to me being fussy, you will not be able to see much if anything of them when the kit is finished. The radio shelf (not shown) has been reduced in size as the drawings that I have show it going no further forward than the than the joint of the rear fixed canopy section.
 

28 February 2004 Update

The cockpit frame is now being assembled, all of the plastic rod that represents the steel frame is of 1.2mm (3/64 inch) diameter. the cross pieces are 21mm long. You will notice that one of the side consuls has been removed, (oh well you can't get it right all the time Villy) as it proved to be a little too thick, it has now been re-made to a more correct size. The frame work is now a self surporting box to which I can now start adding more detail, the floor supplied with the kit will be the next item to be corrected and fixed into place, you can see in the general view of all the components that I have already removed the rear section were according to the kit instructions you would have fixed the seat , the seat in reality was over an open space formed by the tri-angle of rods at the frame rear.

I would like to extend a very special thanks to Massimo who has helped me more than words can express, thank you Massimo I owe you a drink if we ever meet.
 

02 March 2004 Update

The floor pan supplied by Trumpeter requires some attention to improve its accuracy. The real aircraft had two wells either side of the central Y shaped section, these are represented on the kit part by very shallow recesses, they need to be much deeper, looking at photos of the airframe that is being restored (Available via a link from Massimo's site) these wells appear to be in the region of 3 to 4 inches deep. To carry out the modification to the kit part is quite easy if a little time consuming and is done as follows.

Carefully cut out the central raised Y shaped section from the kit part, the remainder can be placed straight in the waste bin. The Y piece is now sanded down to reduce its thickness being careful to keep the underside level, when you have reduced its thickness glue it to a piece of 15 thou palstic card that is 21mm wide and slightly longer than the Y piece (This will allow you to trim it to size when fitting it into the frame. The wells now need to be VERY carefully cut out, keep the sections you have removed as they will form the well floors. Add sides to the wells as seen in the photo which results in you having holes, using 15 thou strips of plastic card that are 4/32 inch wide (Approx 4mm) add the well walls from the underside, NOTE the end plates that are nearest the rudder pedals should slope backwards from were they join the floor plate. The last thing that is required on the wells is to add the floor sections using the cut outs, BUT BEFORE THIS DONE you are required to represent the stiffening ridges formed in the floor plates, this was done by taping the floor plates in place and then drawing around the inside of the well to mark the actual area that will be visable when they are attached. Remove them and now add stretched sprue to form the 3 ridges found on the original. The last thing required at this point is to add the missing plate that is located between control stick and rudder pedal mounting points, this plate had a off center slot cut in it throught which an indicator needle protruded, If any one reading this can confiirme just what this indicator was for- PLEASE contact me and share your knowledge.

I would also like to thank one of the site visitors would is following these posts and is building what looks like a fine model of a MIG-3 himself, this gentleman was kind enought to send me some photos and to ask me to explain how I had made the trim wheels , thank you Maarten.

Trim wheels are made as follows:-

Wrap / roll soft wire around a rod ( A paint brush handle was used ) then remove what now looks like a spring off the tube , cut through with a new blade or sharp side cutters, push the ring flat on the bench or with plain pliers, super glue the ends and you have the circle, now with super glue attach a cross piece of plastic rod from say 12 to 6 o'clock point, then attach two more from 9 and 3 o'clock and you have your trim wheel.
 

24 March 2004 Update

The majority of work invovled in correcting / detailing the cockpit is now completed as you can see from the photograph, the next step will be to alter the lower panel on the main instrument panel as compared to my drawings it is incorrect. This will be followed by the addition of smaller details on the main panel section such as gun cocking handles after which the panel will be painted prior to the application of photo negative instruments dials (Spares from an Eduard I-16 detail set which I never used). Having added some detail to the rear section of the fuselage such as air bottle mounting points and a set seat belts to the seat its self it will be time to paint all of the sub sections ready for assembly. I apploigise for the delay but I will admit to have been spending some time on my other projects, a Belgian F-104G and a VVS MIG-29.

12 April 2004 Update

Progress has been slow recently due to other commitments, don't you hate it when life interuptes your pleasures!

The cockpit and fuselage interiors have now been painted and await detail painting of the various components. I have choosen to use the advice regarding interior colouration given by Erik Pilawskii in his book on Soviet Fighter Aircraft Colours, I have accordingly painted the cockpit interior using AII Underside Blue and the rear fuselage wooden section in W.U. P. All of the paints used are those manufactured and marketed by White Ensign Models. I feel that I should say a few words about these paints, I don't normally use enamels having converted to the other side a number of years ago, but having used these paints I am no longer sure in my previous total conviction that there was only one paint and that it was water based.

These paints spray extremely well, the spray gun does not clogg up, the finish is very fine and the paint normally dries to a smooth satin finish (more about this later) and covers very well, the only negative point is the extended drying time which I have found can be measured in days and not hours, I have been told and I have read that this can be reduced if you add a little Cellulose thinners in with the normal enamel thinners when mixing up, I have not had the nerve yet to try this as I am well aware of my luck and what cellulose can do to plastic. I have noticed that the drying time seems to depend on the colour and the amount of thinners added, some colours appear to dry faster with more thinners some seem to take longer, it was also at this time in experimenting with thinner ratios to see what effect they had on drying that I noticed that if you add more thinners to the paint it dries to a gloss finish. I can live with the drying time and use a drying box, this is simply a large plastic lunch box with a lid, spary model place in box , put lid on to prevent dust getting onto wet paint and put box in airing cupboard, in England that a small cupboard usually placed over the central heating / Hot water tank to keep towles ect aired and fresh smelling, end result is the temperature in such a cupboard is quite warm but not so high as to cause damage to the plastic kit and helps your paint dry.

05 July 2004 Update

The detail painting of the cockpit side walls & tub / insert is near completion, the instrument panel has had spare photo negative gauge faces fitted, these came from a number of etched detail sets that for one reason or another I have not used. Both the cockpit side walls and tub have been washed with a very thin mix of water based paint and KLEAR, much more Klear than paint. As soon as I have made the gun cocking handels (X3) that are mounted on the instrument panel and the 2 gas bottles that are mounted behind the seat back it will be time to start assembly. I will try to prevent life coming in the way of working on the model and providing more regular up dates, I want to see it completed as much as you do.
 

 

22 July 2004 Update

The cockpit frame works has now been istalled into the fuslage half, gas bottles have been made and fitted just behind the armoured seat back rest, a tip for making the valve knobs :- use the rocket arming vanes supplied in the kit, they are usless for their intended purpose but make great valve knobs. The instrument panel is now also fixed into place, next task is to close up the fuselage and then make a new radio set. Yes I did cut the kit one off when I shortened the radio shelf, and no I did not keep it as I intended to model an aircraft without a radio set, until I found out that the aircraft Erik had chosen for me appears to have the damn thing fitted.
 

The cockpit frame was fixed into one half of the fuselage prior to the two sections being glued permanently together. The photo shows the model after the joining of the two fuselage sections has been completed, the forward upper nose panel has also been fixed into place. I must say that I have read various comments about Trumpeter kits, some of the less than kind comments seem to dwell on the fact that Trumpeter is a company from a Communist (OH lord help me, I have mentioned that word) country, so what, Credit were it is due, THE FIT ON THIS KIT SO FAR IS EXCELLENT, even the dry fitting shows no problems waiting to ambush the modeller yet.
 

Update 16 August 2004

The fit so far has been excellent. The only areas that have received any packing at this point are the very front section of the wing to fuselage joint and a small section on each wing root (see photos).

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Added detail includes the drilling out when required and addition of brass tube to the lower engine cowling bulges ( see phots).

Carl Huffman was kind enough to warn me to watch out for possible problems when constructing the tail surfaces, if you just glue them together it is possible that the metal hinge will prevent the two plastic surfaces from meeting correctly, just check and adjust before
applying the addhesive. Thanks Carl.

Fit alert:- I have just started to test fit and fix the wing leading edge slats, be carful if you intend to model them shut ( I believe this is really the only option as to the best of my knowledge the MIG-3 slats were normally closed on the ground, in fact I believe that the
Soviet method of slat deployment was totally different to that found on German aircraft such as the Me-109). TAKE GREAT CARE AND SPEND LOTS OF TIME DRY TEST FITTING ;  THEY ARE THE WORST PART OF THE KIT SO FAR BUT CAN BE MADE TO FIT WITH TIME AND CARE.

Update 11 September 2004

Construction continues slowly. Some sub-assembly painting is under way, the paints used being those excellent colours supplied by White Ensign Models. Some minor detailing is still being carried out to the model, and you can see from the attached photos that I have now added the cowling that covered the Exhaust Gas Take Off Pipe. This unit appears not to have been fitted to all MIG-3 production aircraft; this might be due to early production airframes not being spec`ed with this effective if simple fire suppressing system (cooled exhaust gas is piped into
the fuel cells, as it is inert it will not / cannot support combustion, fuel tank gets hit with incendiary round--- result no explosion or fire in fuel cell) or it might be down to the individual factories after the move.

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The air screw ( Propellor) has been primed and then painted in aluminium over which has been placed wet sugar (some modellers use salt, but I am concerned about any possible effects salt will have to the base colours; I`ve seen what salt does to our cars here in the UK when applied to the road surface to prevent ice). The sugar is allowed to dry, and when the top colour is applied and cured the sugar is brushed off and the effect is random weathering as you can see.
At present working with my good friend and mentor Bob Partridge to see if we can vac-form a new front canopy. The kit item has two frame members running from top to bottom on the outside, these should be mounted inside the clear section and support/prevent the front screen from deforming / moving inwards. If I can`t get this right I will use the kit canopy as supplied, but you never know-- some canopy vac-form company might just being reading these updates!....

Interior bits now painted






Update 28 September 2004

The built-and-modified  radio set has now been painted and fitted to the rear shelf. The straps that go around the tool and battery boxes were made from the lead foil found around any good bottle of wine ( "..sorry, love, but I have to open this bottle of red as I need the foil... of course it will go off now that the foil has been removed, so that`s why I`m drinking it..."). Check your references before fitting the set, as a number of MiGs flew without the radio, even ones fitted with the mast. Also note that according to my plans the radio is taller than the kit item; in fact it is the tallest of all the units fitted on the shelf. The wiring is just some red coated copper wire I have had hanging around for the last 2 decades waiting to be used.

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The other photos show the Partridge/Vill vac-form forward canopy section before being cut out and fitted. My research and subsequent correspondence with Erik and Massimo holds up my view that there were NO Rails running top to bottom, and that the MiG-3 front screen was in fact likely a 3-piece construction; the two side sections being curved while the front section was flat (though curved at the top), the front piece being bonded to the two side sections. The thin colourless line that can be seen in some photos is nothing more than light distortion as it passes throught the bonded area.





Update 15 December 2004

White Ensign AII Blue was applied to the canopy frame work prior to the  fuselage being primed with "Halfords" grey plastic primer. When dry, the assembly was checked for any faults, a few being found and corrected. The fuselage was then given a second coat of primer, the forward canopy area receiving a third and fourth coating  ( A.Sekularac's method to build up frame work / ribs; see his excellent build write up of the I-16, which can also be found on this site or in Scale Aircraft Modelling June 2004 vol 26 No4).

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The underside has now been base coated with White Ensign AII Blue and awits weathering, ect, when dry.

At this point in time I feel that it is only correct to comment on the White Ensign range of paints (Note I said range, not just VVS  colours). Sure, I helped bring the VVS range to life ( my part being very small compared to the ground breaking work carried out by E. Pilawskii), but when told they would be enamel I was a bit disappointed.  I was no great fan of this type of paint, having replaced all of the enamels I had with water based paints several years ago.

Having received a set I felt I had to try them, so I armed myself with some "Daco" thinners. I applied my first colour and found it to be great paint-- it sprayed well with no clogging of the gun and the coverage  was excellent. The surface finish has always been smooth satin, and with the addition of more thinners you can achieve an almost gloss finish some times. On the minus side was the cleaning up and the drying time. The drying time was less than most enamels I have used, and can be reduced even further if you can locate a supply of the old " AeroMaster" Enamel thinners. I was given mine by a good friend, and all round good guy, John Evans of the Avon IPMS (thanks John, and at last your name is in print without the word WANTED above it) or cut your thinners with Cellulose thinners, but be careful as cellulose eats plastic, so make sure you prime the kit.

Overall, these are very good paints and I would recommend their entire range to all modellers. White Ensign took a risk in this "Acrylic" world and in my mind proved that NEW don`t always mean better. I mean, after all how can a "Beef ??" Burger compare to Ferret Pie?...

Update 24 January 2005

The upper scheme of AII Green and AII Black have been applied and allowed to dry for a week. I only spray during day light and that means weekends at this time of the year. Over this, an over-spray of white has been applied; this will later be gently rubbed back to expose more of the Green/Black scheme. If required, I will touch up the Green/Black and lower surface Blue with the spray gun, and only then will the weathering be applied. Please keep your fingers crossed! I hope it turns out-- winter schemes are not easy to do ( well not for me ), but if you manage it they are so pleasing to the eye.

Today (23rd January) I spent the best part of 3 hours in a very cold annex to my house trying to touch up some minor defects noticed after last week's white over-spray. It all went to pot, so in the end I took out my thinner soaked rag and wiped todays application of paint off. I only have chance to spray at weekends and I prefer day light any way, so a quick calculation ( I'm good at those-- never get the right answer though, but heck who cares?) and I reckon that if all goes right I should be able to commence weathering in about 3-4 weeks. That is one problem with slow drying enamels... For those who have been following this build, I am sorry that it has taken so long. Maybe I should have ended it with the cockpit? I am told that people have been born, grown up, had kids of their own and are now drawing their pensions while waiting for the finale part of the BIG MIG work bench.

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[Ed. Note: Peter has chosen to model MiG-3 "Red 39" from the infamous 120 IAP line-up photograph. See profile below.]


Starboard side view of Red 39, 120 IAP, at Moscow

Update 22 March 2005

Work continues slowly , I am now approaching the end of the weathering stage, decals have been applied and my very good friend Bob Partridge applied by hand using oil paints the red 39s to the rear fin and rudder for which I am truely thankful, when this is totally dry in about 2 weeks I will apply a little more weathering to the underside and then overcoat with matt finishe before final assembly.

I must state that my photos do not do the model justice, I might see if a fellow club member at the Avon IPMS can do better.
 
 

Update 28 April 2005

Today's update is a bit visual, really. After 14 months in construction, Peter is nearly done ("..all that is still required is to fix the sliding canopy hood and place the landing gear down indicators into the wing..."). Thus, we present a gallery of the nearly completed model. A larger posting will follow, we think with Peter's final thoughts and comments on an awfully big project....

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Conclusion and Final Thoughts, May 2005

The following are images of the completed model.

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Thats it folks-- game over. I hope you have enjoyed it as much as I have. I am not one to be normally stuck for words (as any one who knows me will testify), but I really don`t have a clue what to say at this point so please forgive me if I ramble on....

I would recommend the Trumpeter 1/32 scale MIG-3 to any one, even if they have not built a kit in this scale before. The beauty of this model is that the finished product does not require a seperate room to display it in, and when built it is quite small even if compared to 1/48scale bombers. The kit itself goes together very well in my opinion, requiring very little filler and presents very few problems. Modellers of all ages and skill levels should be able to produce a kit that they are proud of. The only real problem area that springs to mind was fitting the leading edge slats in the closed position (as they should be if the aircraft is on the ground); however if you are not too concerned about having them open, they fit perfectly.

14 months spent on making a model might seem like a long time, but other things have from time to time attracted my attention. I have completed three other models during that time, all three being models of Belgian aircraft-- a Gladiator, F84 and a F-104.

 The MiG build has been interesting for me in so much as it allowed (or forced) me to once again pick up and read/study techinical drawings. One thing I noticed quite early on is that  no two sets of MiG-3 plans agree with each other. In fact, if you take your time and compare the drawings to actual photos you will see that most are totally incorrect. The best drawings I found were supplied by Erik Pilawskii and came in a booklet whose text was all in Russian and also covered the LaGG-3 and La-5. The other good point, as far as I am concerned, is that I re-discovered the joy of scratch building such a large component as the cockpit. I normally only scratch build detail parts with most of my builds. I do hope that I have convinced a few of you reading this build article over the last 14 months to have a go yourself at scratch building some component or sub assembly- believe me, if I can do it so can YOU. I also hope that you have enjoyed watching this model come together.
 

Erik informs me that other modellers are waiting to join the "Work Bench" team. I do hope that this happens, not  because it was my idea, but due to the fact that there are a large number of modellers out there with a great deal of skills and the "Work Bench" provides a forum for them to pass these on to others. The original idea of the "Work Bench" was for me to build the cockpit and finish at that point, but the idea grew. If you want to do a "Work Bench" article on just one specific area of your model or model building technique, then I am sure Matt/Erik will be happy to post it. My friend Bob Partridge is building a cockpit from scratch for his Trupeter P-40. Ok, the model will not be finished in VVS markings, but those of us who have this 1/32 scale kit and intend to complete it as a VVS aircraft could benifit from his work. Thus, although he don`t know it yet, he is about to do a "Work Bench" article....

Thanks for being with me on our trip

Special thanks to

Erik Pilawskii
Aleksandar Sekularac
Bob Partridge
Sean Walsh
Ira
Massimo Tessitori

I would be glad to receive any comments good or bad, I am happy to assist or answer any
questions you may have (assuming I can).

Peter Vill